Hanoi find solutions for renovation, rebuild old apartment

19/10/2017   Viewed: 605
With 1,579 former condominiums built between 1954 and 1990, although over the past few years Hanoi has applied a number of measures to speed up the renovation and rebuilding process.
See, the process of performing this task is still difficult, obstacles. It also requires, besides the high determination of all levels, the city's branches, especially the support of the people, need effective mechanisms and policies from the competent agencies.
 
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Not all problems
So far, Hanoi has basically completed the survey for the old apartment was built before 1994. Especially, through detailed survey and evaluation 178 apartments have heavy levels of degradation; of which there are 13 class B dangerous buildings; Grade C apartments; Grade D apartment buildings, Department of Construction Hanoi notice to agencies and units use management to take measures to handle; At the same time, the city has set up a shelter fund to relocate households living in dangerous D level homes.

Vu Ngoc Dam, Head of Urban Development (Hanoi Department of Construction), said that after the Government issued Decree No. 101/2015 / ND-CP on renovating and rebuilding old condominiums, At 4/2016, at the Investment Promotion Conference of Hanoi, the city assigned 19 investors to elaborate 1/500 detailed plan for 28 old condominiums (including 834 houses, accounting for more than 50% of the total number of houses old apartment in the area).

After consulting the departments, the People's Committees of the districts, and through the sociological survey of investors, the city agreed to select nine apartment buildings (each district selected one in Ba Dinh, three in Dau) and three in Dien Bien, and three in Dien Bien. The total amount of social capital to renovate, build nine new apartment buildings and three independent independent apartment is estimated at 88.830 billion.

According to the progress, the Ministry of Justice, 51 Huynh Thuc Khang Apartment Building and Thanh Xuan Bac House will carry out the preparation of investment from the first quarter, 3/2018; Completed and put into operation in 2020. Nguyen Trai collective area is expected to invest from 3/2018 and by 2021 put into use. Collective zones: Giang Vo, Hao Nam, Nghia Tan, Nguyen Cong Tru, Ngoc Khanh, Thanh Cong, Tan Mai and Thanh Xuan Bac. 2023.

According to Mr. Dam, after the detailed plan of 1/500 of the old apartment buildings approved by the competent authorities, on the basis of the project proposal of the investor, the city will consider adjusting and supplementing the plan. frame accordingly.

Deputy Director of Hanoi Department of Construction Nguyen Chi Dung said that although Decree No. 101/2015 / ND-CP removed some of the shortcomings of the demolition of newly built independent apartment buildings, With regard to the demolition of new housing estates, there are some shortcomings.

Difficulties include the sequence of investment preparation procedures to implement the project and prolong the time. Moreover, the lack of specific provisions on resettlement compensation on the spot will be entangled in the agreement between households and investors, leading to the increase in planning criteria, breaking the planning general of the city, pressured the infrastructure. Or, Decree 101/2016 / ND-CP does not provide for decentralization to the district level, nor does it promote the self-control power of all levels in renovating and building new condominiums.

On the other hand, many old works over the time of using the landlord have renovated, repaired, enlarged ... also makes it difficult to assess the initial preliminary, while the number of houses is very big, complex areas.

There should be a mechanism and policy framework
According to Deputy Director of Hanoi Construction Department Nguyen Chi Dung, in order to speed up the implementation progress, remove the obstacles, the present time, Hanoi has proposed, proposed a number of mechanisms and policies on improving Create, rebuild old apartment.

The City proposes to add two criteria to bring the old apartment into the renovation plan, including the old apartment has expired and old apartment with overloaded infrastructure, not meet the conditions. environmental sanitation, affecting the health of the people.

Regarding the planning, the city will allocate the eligible investors the cost of hiring a consulting unit (encouraging foreign consultants) to study the master plan for the whole area in order to reduce the maximum construction density. Maximum height to maximize the area and space (including underground works) used for public purposes, ensuring synchronous technical infrastructure, social infrastructure and links with the area. For level D Dangerous Homes located within the allowable areas of Hanoi demolition and rebuilding first, then will update the planning to the whole area.

After the detailed planning scale 1/500 and the plan of renovation, construction of new apartment building was approved, the city office, the construction industry criteria for selection of investors and organization of promotion programs Private investors to select and select qualified investors to complete the whole area.

Remarkably, Hanoi proposed compensation mechanism to support resettlement of each project was built on the basis of detailed planning, design bases for renovation and reconstruction of each apartment building and Financial ability of each project.

Accordingly, Hanoi will repay (without collecting money) the area of ​​resettlement apartments with the coefficient k = 1 compared with the legal area of ​​the old apartment. Where the on-site resettlement has a larger area, the owner must pay for the additional area with the construction cost plus 10% of the norm profit for the investor.

First-floor residents are allowed to rent a business area in the service area of ​​the project. Households who have the right to own houses and use residential land for residential resettlement are entitled to the coefficient k = 1. Households belonging to the projects in the area of ​​four old urban districts If moving out of Belt 3, the coefficient k will be applied twice as much as the resettlement on the spot.

Also proposed by Hanoi, the financial mechanism is determined on the basis of the characteristics of each project. In case of failing to self-finance, the investor shall be considered and allocated another project to make up for the financing when implementing the project.

As for the old independent apartment building, decentralization to the district People's Committee to consider planning and organizing the implementation of renovation and new construction will accelerate the progress as well as monitoring and supervision. more than the investor to build housing in synchrony with infrastructure as planned; At the same time, the responsibility of the government to improve the housing for the people.
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