Crisis land cemetery in Asia

22/07/2017   Viewed: 527
According to the new burial policy in Singapore, people have been renting land as a grave for the most part 15 years, while in Hong Kong is 6 years.
The use of land in Singapore is always very high, while the area is limited, causing the need for the dead to almost disappear. This tiny metropolitan government has dug up hundreds of thousands of graves to open roads, build homes and shopping malls.

Bukit Brown Cemetery, 200ha wide, has more than 3,700 out of a total of 100,000 excavated tombs to open an eight-lane freeway, leaving the area cut in half. Authorities say digging up Bukit Brown to pave the way reduces congestion from the Pan Island motorway. In fact, this is the first step towards urban expansion.

The National Development Service (MND) is considering moving Bukit Brown into homes by 2030. As a result, excavated tombs will reconnect to the smaller squares in the cemetery or be cremated. Relatives can then visit the shared land or the ash core area.

Singapore leaders cite the challenge of balancing the competitive urban benefits of cemetery relocation. A spokesman for the MND said the government should prioritize land use for various needs such as housing, green spaces, utilities, transportation, ports, airports and amenities to assist the office. The power of a nation ...

In 1978, there were 213 burials in 2,146ha in Singapore, which accounted for about 3.7% of the island. Minister EW Barker will even submit to the National Assembly in the next few years, all private cemeteries will be closed, buried and grounded for general development.

Located in the less developed area of ​​Western Singapore, Chua Chu Kang Cemetery remains open for burial costs from $ 315 to $ 940 for an adult section. But burial time is always limited. Under the new Burial Policy enacted in 1998, people can rent a plot of land for up to 15 years.

Similarly, Bidadari cemetery was cleared between 2001 and 2006 with a total of 126,000 excavated tombs. Instead, the government builds a new town complete with a city's first bus and metro transfer station. The first apartments were sold in September.

Even the main shopping route of the city, Orchard Road, is also built on an old cemetery. At Ngee Ann, a row of brown buildings, large department stores and luxury shopping, this was once the largest Teochew community cemetery on the island. Now, the bustling shops and bustling commercial areas have filled up.

In Hong Kong, a place similar in size to Singapore, the land for the dead has shrunk, extending the 10-year deadline. The cremation ashes cremlets are often placed in funeral homes for months waiting for the next location in a tombstone, with very limited burial time. The cemetery land business in Ao port has a rapid exploitation cycle. Dead and buried here does not mean forever. In fact, the resting cycle of the dead at the grave in the cemetery is only six years.

Faced with a chronic shortage of land and one of the narrowest regions in the world, the Hong Kong government has found many ways to cope with the needs of space, both for the living and for the past. team.
 
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The limited time burial and relocation of graves for burial, though, has been taking place to cede urban development but has always been controversial and has received mixed reactions.

In cases where the number of deaths increases and the 6 year period has expired, the relatives will have to relocate the grave. If no one comes, the deceased will be cremated before being placed in a public cemetery. For a few years now, in Hong Kong, the concept of last resting place no longer means permanent.

This is a controversial approach because it does not fit in with the traditions and customs of the ethnic Chinese, the culture of worshiping the deceased, especially the respect for the ancestors. before.

A man working at Lai Chi Yuen Cemetery on Lantau Island, Hong Kong explained, limiting rest periods and removing dead people is a daily practice in life. People reacted to excavations in a variety of ways, from grief to indifference. Some people feel very sad. They see it as saying goodbye and mourning someone for a second time. There are also people who believe that death is death, the last leg of the journey.

General Director Jones Lang LaSalle (JLL), Stephen Wyatt, said that many Asian countries are promoting the improvement of large cemeteries for residential, complex and commercial land. Management of the State and local beliefs.

This expert acknowledges the need to clarify the positive side of this trend by opening up opportunities for urban renewal, using more land resources while land funds are shrinking in urban areas. Moreover, the cemetery renovation provides opportunities for green development, parks and public facilities for residents. The biggest limitation is that the spiritual element, the ancestor worship culture, is very deep and important in Asian minds.

According to Stephen Wyatt, Asian countries and territories may refer to the cemetery planning form in European countries. In more developed countries such as Europe, Germany, France ... The government clearly stipulates that all forms of burial of dead people must be carried out at the cemetery in order to easily manage environmental and epidemiological problems. , zoning…

The lost family is obliged to rent land for a period of time, depending on the size and form of burial of the crypt where the prices from high to low suit the financial situation of the family of the deceased. After the lease term, the family of the deceased may decide to extend the contract or accept the burial. Normally, the cemeteries are well planned with green fields, parks, even famous tourist attractions. Therefore, there are few sites that are displaced for commercial reasons. Moreover, these cemeteries are one of the most natural parks contributing to greening the city.

The JLL leader said that big cities in developing countries are too focused on developing many urban buildings and buildings and forget about green areas. It would be a good idea for the Government to consider planning land later in the cemetery so it should be prioritized for public parks, green spaces and good management of those parks. The economic benefits may not be immediately apparent, but the benefits of sustainable development brought about by the urban greenfields of the city in the future are enormous.
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